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President Fernando Henrique Cardoso of Brazil  

Ted Goertzel

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Fernando Henrique Cardoso (b. Rio de Janeiro, June 18, 1931) had an influential academic career before going into politics and becoming a senator, foreign minister, finance minister and ... More

Popular Religion in Colonial Brazil  

Laura de Mello e Souza

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Popular religiosity in colonial Brazil was marked by the process of colonization, which placed populations of differing ethnic and cultural origins together in dynamic and conflicting ... More

Brazil and the Paraguayan War: Conflicts and Interests  

Francisco Doratioto

Online publication date:
Sep 2016
In 1863 and 1864, historical and political contradictions in the River Plate region led to civil war in Uruguay, creating tensions with neighboring nations in the region. The Brazilian ... More

Popular Revolts in the Empire of Brazil  

Monica Duarte Dantas

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Scholars have long studied the rebellious movements that rattled Brazil after its independence and during the so-called Regency period. The scholarship has mainly focused on understanding ... More

Intellectuals and the Nation in Early 20th-Century Brazil  

Sergio Miceli

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
In Brazil between 1920 and 1945, the potential for professional advancement increased significantly among literate individuals in three main areas: the intellectual and academic field in ... More

Free Afro-Brazilians in the 19th Century  

Richard Graham

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Although the slave trade to Brazil did not end until 1850, and slavery itself lasted until 1888, the practice of freeing slaves had been common from the time of first colonization by the ... More

Brazilian Independence: Change and Continuity  

João Paulo Pimenta

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Stemming from an accelerated and tumultuous process unleashed by European wars in the first decade of the 19th century, Brazil and Portugal split politically in 1822. In a sense, Brazil’s ... More

The Politics of Cultural Production during the Vargas Era, 1930–1945  

Daryle Williams

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
Short and stout in physical stature, Brazilian statesman Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (1882–1954) still stands as an outsize figure in modern Latin American history. The politician’s long ... More

Agricultural Transformations in Sugarcane and Labor in Brazil  

Thomas D. Rogers

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
The Portuguese took sugarcane from their Atlantic island holdings to Brazil in the first decades of the 16th century, using their model of extensive agriculture and coerced labor to turn ... More

Visions of the Nation in Imperial Brazil: Arts and Celebrations  

Maria Ligia Coelho Prado

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

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