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Intellectuals and the Nation in Early 20th-Century Brazil  

Sergio Miceli

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
In Brazil between 1920 and 1945, the potential for professional advancement increased significantly among literate individuals in three main areas: the intellectual and academic field in ... More

Jean Charlot and the Mexican Mural Renaissance  

John Charlot

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

José Vasconcelos, National Education, and Revolutionary Culture in Mexico  

William Beezley

Online publication date:
Sep 2016
As Mexico’s minister of public education from 1921 to 1924, José Vasconcelos played a prominent role in efforts to create a new national identity expressing the 1910 Revolution’s goals of ... More

Juliet Barrett Rublee and Flame of Mexico  

Elissa Rashkin and Isabel Arredondo

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The 1932 film Flame of Mexico (released in Mexico as Alma mexicana), written and produced by the US feminist activist Juliet Barrett Rublee (b. 1875–d. 1966), provides a window on to ... More

Lucha Libre  

Stephen Allen

Lucha libre, or professional wrestling, has become a staple of urban Mexican culture over the course of the 20th century. In the past twenty years, it has gained international acclaim for ... More

Men and Modernity in Porfirian Mexico  

Robert M. Buffington

The Porfirian era (1876–1911) marked a watershed in social understandings of manhood. New ideas about what it meant to be a man had appeared in Mexico by the middle of the 19th century in ... More

Mexican Bawds: Women and Commercial Sex in the Viceroyalty of New Spain  

Nicole von Germeten

Female occupational and economic choices help clarify understandings of colonial historic agency, especially in the lives of Mexican women who made their income as alcahuetas or “bawds.” ... More

The Mexican Muralists and Frida Kahlo  

Leonard Folgarait

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The major art form produced in Mexico during the years following the Mexican Revolution of 1910, especially during 1920–1940, was mural painting, mostly in the technique of fresco. Three ... More

Mexican Politics, Economy, and Society, 1946–1982  

Ryan Alexander

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The years immediately following World War II constituted a watershed in Mexico’s political development: the national government, controlled by the recently renamed Institutional ... More

Mexican Telenovelas  

O. Hugo Benavides

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Telenovelas have a very recent history, yet from their impact and pervasiveness it would seem that they have always been part of the Mexican culture. Telenovelas did not make their ... More

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