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José Vasconcelos, National Education, and Revolutionary Culture in Mexico  

William Beezley

Online publication date:
Sep 2016
As Mexico’s minister of public education from 1921 to 1924, José Vasconcelos played a prominent role in efforts to create a new national identity expressing the 1910 Revolution’s goals of ... More

Juliet Barrett Rublee and Flame of Mexico  

Elissa Rashkin and Isabel Arredondo

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The 1932 film Flame of Mexico (released in Mexico as Alma mexicana), written and produced by the US feminist activist Juliet Barrett Rublee (b. 1875–d. 1966), provides a window on to ... More

Lázaro Cárdenas and Cardenismo  

Stephanie Mitchell

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Lázaro Cárdenas served as Mexico’s president from 1934–1940. His presidency marked the end of the “Maximato,” the period in which the former president Plutarco Elías Calles exercised ... More

Lucas Alamán and 19th-Century Monarchism in Mexico  

Miguel Soto

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
When Mexico became independent in 1821, the first choice for a political system for the new country was a monarchy. In fact, the Plan of Iguala, which prompted the separation from Spain, ... More

Maternal Death in Mexico  

Paola Sesia

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Today, the death of women during pregnancy, childbirth or postpartum is considered simultaneously a public health, social inequality, and gender discrimination problem. In Mexico, ... More

Men and Modernity in Porfirian Mexico  

Robert M. Buffington

The Porfirian era (1876–1911) marked a watershed in social understandings of manhood. New ideas about what it meant to be a man had appeared in Mexico by the middle of the 19th century in ... More

Mexican Bawds: Women and Commercial Sex in the Viceroyalty of New Spain  

Nicole von Germeten

Female occupational and economic choices help clarify understandings of colonial historic agency, especially in the lives of Mexican women who made their income as alcahuetas or “bawds.” ... More

Mexican Politics, Economy, and Society, 1946–1982  

Ryan Alexander

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The years immediately following World War II constituted a watershed in Mexico’s political development: the national government, controlled by the recently renamed Institutional ... More

The Mexican Revolution, 1910–1946  

Jürgen Buchenau

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
The Mexican Revolution was the first major social revolution of the 20th century. Its causes included, among others, the authoritarian rule of dictator Porfirio Díaz, the seizure of ... More

Mexico in Spain’s Oceanic Empire, 1519–1821  

Christoph Rosenmüller

On August 13, 1521, the conquistadors and their native allies seized Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire. The Spaniards succeeded because they had agreed with the Tlaxcalans and ... More

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