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Smallpox Eradication in Mexico  

Claudia Agostoni

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The control and eradication of smallpox have been among the most studied and chronicled topics in histories of health and medicine, which is not coincidental considering the dramatic ... More

The Social Construction of the Photographic Portrait in 19th-Century Rio de la Plata  

Andrea Cuarterolo

With the arrival of the daguerreotype in Río de la Plata, in 1840, the photography industry was immediately monopolized by portrait photographers. By 1850 there were already more than ten ... More

Social Movements in Late 20th-Century Ecuador and Bolivia  

Marc Becker

Both Ecuador and Bolivia have gained a reputation for powerful social movements that have repeatedly challenged entrenched political and economic interests that have controlled the ... More

Social Organization of Colonial Mexico  

Tatiana Seijas

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

The Spanish Language in Latin America since Independence  

Ilan Stavans

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The Spanish language arrived in Latin America as a tool of Iberian colonization. Indigenous languages struggled to survive under the implacable presence of an imperial tongue serving not ... More

Sugar Cane and Agricultural Transformations in Cuba  

Reinaldo Funes Monzote

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
For the greater part of the 19th and 20th centuries, Cuba, the largest island in the Antilles, figured as the principal exporter of sugar cane, a product that dominated the country’s ... More

Taste, Smell, and Flavor in Mexico  

Jeffrey M. Pilcher

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Mexican cuisine is often considered to be a mestizo fusion of indigenous and Spanish foods, but this mixture did not simply happen by accident; it required the labor, imagination, and ... More

The Three Faces of the Family, 1872–Present  

Elena Jackson Albarrán

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
The shape, function, and social meaning of the Mexican family changed alongside its relationship to the state, the Catholic Church, and popularly held beliefs and customs over the course ... More

Tourism and Connoisseurship in the Collection Histories of Haitian Art in the United States  

Peter Haffner

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The Midwestern United States is home to several major public museum collections of Haitian art. These collections were established within a short period between the late 1960s and early ... More

The Transatlantic Financial Crisis of 1837  

Stephen W. Campbell

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The Transatlantic Financial Crisis of 1837 produced a global depression that lasted until the mid-1840s. Falling cotton prices, a collapsing land bubble, and fiscal and monetary policies ... More

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