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Social Organization of Colonial Mexico  

Tatiana Seijas

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Social Movements in Late 20th-Century Ecuador and Bolivia  

Marc Becker

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Both Ecuador and Bolivia have gained a reputation for powerful social movements that have repeatedly challenged entrenched political and economic interests that have controlled the ... More

The Spanish Language in Latin America since Independence  

Ilan Stavans

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The Spanish language arrived in Latin America as a tool of Iberian colonization. Indigenous languages struggled to survive under the implacable presence of an imperial tongue serving not ... More

Sugar Cane and Agricultural Transformations in Cuba  

Reinaldo Funes Monzote

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
For the greater part of the 19th and 20th centuries, Cuba, the largest island in the Antilles, figured as the principal exporter of sugar cane, a product that dominated the country’s ... More

Taste, Smell, and Flavor in Mexico  

Jeffrey M. Pilcher

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Mexican cuisine is often considered to be a mestizo fusion of indigenous and Spanish foods, but this mixture did not simply happen by accident; it required the labor, imagination, and ... More

The Three Faces of the Family, 1872–Present  

Elena Jackson Albarrán

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
The shape, function, and social meaning of the Mexican family changed alongside its relationship to the state, the Catholic Church, and popularly held beliefs and customs over the course ... More

The Transatlantic Financial Crisis of 1837  

Stephen W. Campbell

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The Transatlantic Financial Crisis of 1837 produced a global depression that lasted until the mid-1840s. Falling cotton prices, a collapsing land bubble, and fiscal and monetary policies ... More

Translating José María Heredia  

Frederick Luciani

Online publication date:
Sep 2016
The Cuban poet José María Heredia (1803–1839) spent twenty months exiled to the United States because of his involvement in pro-independence conspiracies. In that time, Heredia wrote a ... More

The Túpac Amaru and the Katarista Rebellions  

Sergio E. Serulnikov

Led by Túpac Amaru, Túpac Katari, Tomás Katari, and others, the pan-Andean uprising from 1780 to 1782 was the largest and most radical indigenous challenge to Spanish colonial rule in the ... More

Urbanization and Environment in Mexico since 1521  

Matthew Vitz

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
Urbanization and environmental change have worked in tandem over the course of Mexican history. Hinterland production, the establishment of market economies, and the intensive ... More

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