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 PRINTED FROM the OXFORD RESEARCH ENCYCLOPEDIA, LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY ( (c) Oxford University Press USA, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Personal use only; commercial use is strictly prohibited (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 20 June 2018

Summary and Keywords

This entry will briefly review the history of the Inca (also Inka) Empire, called by the Andeans themselves “Tawantinsuyu,” referring to its four parts: the Chinchaysuyu, the Antisuyu, the Collasuyu, and the Cuntesuyu. The origins of the dynasty and the diplomacy, negotiation, and force that expanded its jurisdiction will be emphasized. This history will be followed by the characteristics of imperial rule as of circa 1532, the date when Francisco Pizarro and his followers marched across the Andes and confronted the Andean emperor Atahualpa in the plaza of the highland ceremonial center of Cajamarca. After a discussion of the religio-political structure, based on a decimal administrative system, the economic bases of the empire will be outlined.

Keywords: Incas, empire, ancestor worship, Cuzco, Chanka War, Ayar brothers, decimal system, hospitality, imperialism

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